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Reading List
The Internet can be an unreliable source of information. There are some excellent sites out there, but equally, there are some that range from misleading to completely unreliable. The Internet makes it possible for people to assume the role of "instant expert" and it is dangerous to believe what you see written unless the information includes at minimum a bibliography, and optimally, foot- or endnotes citing each piece of information. These are important because even if the titles of the works are cited, information can be taken out of context.

To that end, Mos Maiorum Foundation provides reading suggestions based on the scholarly content of the works in question. Actual Pagan scholarship is, at worst, in a sad state, if it can be said to exist at all. At the most optimistic, we might say that it is in its nascent stages. Works by reputable scholars in their fields are always to be preferred over publications such as Llewellyn, which privileges magic spells over cultic acts.

The following works are recommended to anyone interested in further exploring the history of Paganism and early Christianity. They will help in uncovering the truth of our polytheistic past as well as the truth about the myths Christianity has built up around itself in its 2000 year history. This list, while not exhaustive, provides a sound base upon which to build. Readers are encouraged to further explore the works listed in each book's bibliography.

Note of Caution
Though we include a link to Wikipedia, readers should be aware of Wikipedia's uneven quality of content. College professors do not accept Wikipedia as a source of information for very good reasons. Wikipedia should, rather, be seen as a point of departure. Some of the better articles there cite reputable sources. Use this bibliographical information to further your own researches rather than relying what is written in the article itself. Be aware also that many religion-related articles have a Christian bias.


On Polytheism
Ankarloo, Bengt and Clark, Stuard, ed. Witchcraft and Magic in Europe. Ancient Greece and Rome. Philadelphia 1999.

Assmann, Jan. Moses the Egyptian. The Memory of Egypt in Western Monotheism. Cambridge, Massachusetts 1997.

Beard, Mary; North, John; Price, Simon. Religions of Rome (2 vols). Cambridge 1998.

Broad. William J. The Oracle: Ancient Delphi and the Science Behind its Lost Secrets. New York 2006.

Brown. Nancy Marie. The Far Traveler: Voyages of a Viking Woman. Orlando 2007.

Burket, Walter. Greek Religion. Cambridge 1985.

Celsus. On the True Doctrine. A Discourse Against the Christians. Tr. by R. Joseph Hoffmann. New York and Oxford. Oxford University Press, 1987.

Chartrand, R., Durham, K., Harrison, M., Heath, I. The Vikings. Voyaters of Discovery and Plunder. Osprey, 2006.

Chuvin, Pierre. A Chronicle of the Last Pagans. Tr. by B.A. Archer. Cambridge, 1990.

Connelly, Joan Breton. Portrait of a Priestess. Princeton, NJ 2007.

Davidson, H.R. Ellis. Gods and Myths of Northern Europe. Harmondsworth, England 1964.

Davidson, H.R. Ellis. The Road to Hel: A Study of the Conception of the Dead in Old Norse Literature. New York 1968.

Davidson, H.R. Ellis. Myths and Symbols in Pagan Europe. Syracuse 1988.

Dever, William G. Did God Have a Wife? Archaeology and Folk Religion in Ancient Israel. Grand Rapids, MI 2005.

DuBois, Thomas A. Nordic Religions of the Viking Age. Philadelphia 1999.

Fletcher, Richard. The Barbarian Conversion: From Paganism to Christianity. New York 1997.

Flower, Michael Attyah. The Seer in Ancient Greece. Berkeley, 2008.

Forte, Angelo, Oram, Richard, Pedersen, Frederik. Viking Empires. Cambridge University Press 2005.

Fox, Robin Lane. Pagans and Christians. New York 1987.

Fox, Robin Lane. Travelling Heroes In the Epic Age of Homer.  New York 2008.

Hoffmann, R. Joseph. Porphyry's Against the Christians. The Literary Remains. Amherst: Prometheus Books, 1994.

Jochens, Jenny. Old Norse Images of Women. Philadelphia 1996.

Johnston, Sarah Iles, ed. Ancient Religions. Cambridge 2007.

Julian. Julian's Against the Galileans. Ed. and Tr. by R. Joseph Hoffman. Amherst: Prometheus Books, 2004.

Kirsch, Jonathan . God Against the Gods: The History of the War Between Monotheism and Polytheism. New York 2004.

Lindow, John. Norse Mythology: A Guide to the Gods, Heroes, Rituals, and Beliefs. New York 2002.

Luck, Georg. Arcana Mundi. Magic and the Occult in the Greek and Roman Worlds. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006 [1985].

MacMullen, Ramsay. Paganism in the Roman Empire, New Haven 1981.

MacMullen, Ramsay. Christianizing the Roman Empire (A.D. 100-400), New Haven 1984.

MacMullen, Ramsay. Christianity & Paganism in the Fourth to Eighth Centuries, New Haven 1997.

McKinnell, John. Meeting the Other in Norse Myth and Legend. Boydell & Brewer Ltd. 2005.

McTurk , Rory. A Companion to Norse-Icelandic Literature and Culture. Blackwell Publishing 2007.

Mattern, Susan P. Rome and the Enemy: Imperial Strategy in the Principate. Berkeley 1999.

Olrik, Axel. Viking Civilization. New York 1930.

Ross, Margaret Clunies. A History of Old Norse Poetry and Poetics. Boydell & Brewer Ltd. 2005.

Russell, James C. . The Germanization of Early Medieval Christianity: A Sociohistorical Approach to Religious Transformation. NY 1994.

Simek, Rudolf. Dictionary of Northern Mythology, trans. by Angela Hall. Cambridge 1993.

Spawforth, Tony. The Complete Greek Temples. London, 2006.

Turville-Petre, E.O.G. Myth and Religion of the North: The Religion of Ancient Scandinavia. New York 1964.

On Christianity

Borg, Marcus J. and Crossan, John Dominic. The First Paul: Reclaiming the Radical Visionary Behind the Church's Conservative Icon. New York 2009.

Crossan, John Dominic and Reed, Jonathan. Excavating Jesus: Beneath the Stones, Behind the Texts. San Francisco 2001.

Ehrman, Bart D. Lost Christianities: The Battles for Scripture and the Faiths We Never Knew. New York 2003.

Ehrman, Bart D. Lost Scriptures: Books that Did Not Make It into the New Testament. New York 2003.

Ehrman, Bart D. The New Testament: A Historical Introduction to the Early Christian Writings, 3rd Ed. New York 2003.

Ehrman, Bart D. Peter, Paul, & Mary Magdalene. New York 2006.

Ehrman, Bart D. Jesus: Apocalyptic Prophet of the New Millennium. New York 1999.

Ehrman, Bart D. Misquoting Jesus: The Story Behind Who Changed the Bible and Why. San Francisco 2005.

Ehrman, Bart D. Did Jesus Exist? The Historical Argument for Jesus of Nazareth. HarperOne 2012.

Eisenman, Robert. James the Brother of Jesus: The Key to Unlocking the Secrets of Early Christianity and the Dead Sea Scrolls. New York 1996.

Eisenman, Robert. The Dead Sea Scrolls and the First Christians: Essays and Translations. Rockport, MA 1996.

Freeman, Charles. A.D. 381. Heretics, Pagans, and the Dawn of the Monotheistic State. Woodstock, New York 2008.

Gaddis, Michael. There Is No Crime for Those Who Have Christ. Berkeley 2005.

Grant, Michael. Jesus. London 1977.

Grant, Michael. Saint Paul. London 2000 1976.

Grant, Michael. Saint Peter: A Biography. New York 1994.

Koester, Helmut. Ancient Christian Gospels: Their History and Development. Philadelphia 1990.

Lüdemann, Gerd. Heretics: The other Side of Early Christianity. trans. by John Bowden. Louisville, 1996.

Lynch, Joseph H. Early Christianity: A Brief History. New York, Oxford 2010.

MacMullen, Ramsay. Voting About God in Early Church Councils, New Haven 2006.

Robinson, James M. ed. The Nag Hammadi Library. San Francisco 1978.

Sanders, E.P. The Historical Figure of Jesus. London 1995.

Vermes, Geza. The Authentic Gospel of Jesus, London 2003.

Vermes, Geza. The Changing Faces of Jesus. London 2000.

Wilken, Robert. The Christians as the Romans Saw Them. New Haven 1984.